Burntwood Family History Group
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Burntwood Family History Group
Researched and written by Mike INSKIP, Alan BETTS and Chris GRADDON
Thomas PENTON was born in 1889 in Norton Canes, Staffordshire, and was the second child and eldest son of 11 children (5 boys and 6 girls) born to parents Thomas PENTON and Sarah Alice PENTON (nee BARKER)
Thomas PENTON a Coal Miner from Brownhills, Staffordshire, married Sarah Alice BARKER on the 26th July 1886 at the Parish Church of Saint James the Great, in Norton Canes. On marriage, Thomas was a bachelor aged 23, and Sarah was a spinster from Norton Canes, also aged 23. They were married by the curate Walter William BOULTON in the presence of John PENTON and Eliza Ann PENTON
Thomas PENTON died in Cannock, Staffordshire, 77 in 1939, and his wife Sarah Alice PENTON died in Cannock aged 78 in 1942
Thomas is the great uncle of Michael INSKIP
His birth was registered at Cannock Registry Office in the June quarter of 1889, volume 6b page 511. He was baptised at Norton Canes Primitive Methodist Church. He attended Norton Canes Boys School
By the time of the 1901 census, he was living in Norton Canes with his parents
On the 1911 census, 2nd April, Thomas was living with his parents and seven siblings at 27 St Johns Road Cannock. He was aged 22, single and a Miner, Sub Loader working underground. His father and two of his younger brothers also worked in the coal mine
(*1) Extract from the 1911 Census
With the onset of the First World War, Thomas signed up for the Army. His younger brothers had already enlisted, Harry PENTON in 1913, aged just 17, and James PENTON in September 1914, aged 23. Thomas was still working as a miner when he was examined on 4 January 1915.
Like many men, on the onset of the First World War, Thomas and two of his younger brother James PENTON and Harry PENTON, signed up in the Army. He was still a Miner when he was examined on the 4th January 1915. He was 24 years 10months old, 5’9” tall, weighing 150 lbs., and he had a good physique, although he had a scar on his right cheek which he received in infancy
(*2) Thomas's medical history
He passed the medical examination, and he enlisted the following day at Hednesford, Staffordshire. He joined the Royal Field Artillery, regimental number 31933
He was a Gunner and then a Lance Bombardier. He entered the theatre of war in France on the 29th July 1915
                        (*3) Thomas PENTON                   (*4) Thomas PENTON with his wife Marie (Daisy) who he married in Staford in 1917
Thomas first saw action near Armentieres. (His brother Harry had been sent there five months earlier in February). He was only there for a short time before being sent to the Somme, where he served in the attack of July 1916
Whilst serving on the Somme, he was sent to fight at Bienvilliers. It was there on the 6th November 1916 that Thomas received a shell wound to his left arm, fracturing his radius and ulna. He was bought home to England, and on the 11th November, he was admitted to the Huddersfield War Hospital. He was found to have fractures to both his radius and ulna. He stayed in hospital until the 5th January the following year
                            (*5) Thomas's Medical History         (*6) Thomas's Hospital Admission     (*7) Thomas's Treatment in Quarters
Once fit for action, Thomas returned to the theatre of war in May 1917 and found himself in France at Langemark. Six months later on the 3rd November, he was gassed. Again he was returned to England, and on the 11th November (12 months to the day) he was admitted to the East Sussex Hospital, Hastings suffering from gas burns. On the 29th November, he had a hernia operation. He stayed in the East Sussex Hospital until the 12th February 1918 when he was transferred to the Summerdown Camp Military Convalescent Hospital near Eastbourne. He left there on the 16th March 1918
Following his treatment,Thomas was assessed as being permanently unfit for any further service and transferred to the Class "P" Army Reserves ("men whose services are deemed to be temporarily of more value to the country in civil life rather than in the Army") - though he continued to receive army pay. His employer's address was given then as Wimblebury Colliery. By this time, Thomas had married Marie Griffiths and they were living at 68 Wolverhampton Road, Cannock. His employer's address was given then as Wimblebury Colliery near Hednesford. Thomas was discharged on 24 January 1919 when his home address was 31 Old Penkridge Road, Cannock
(*8) ‘The Roll of the Great War’     (*9) Entry for Thomas PENTON
Thomas received the 1914 - 1915 Star Medal, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal, and he was awarded two Wound Stripes
(*10) Thomas's Medical Card          (*11) Thomas's Victory Medal Receipt
(*12) 1914-1915star     (*13) British War Medal     (*14) Victory Medal
Item, Source and Credit
(*1)      Extract from the 1911 Census © The National Archives
(*2)      Photograph Medical History © The National Archives
(*3)      Photo Thomas PENTON © Mike INSKIP
(*4)      Photo Thomas PENTON © Mike INSKIP
(*5)      Photograph Medical History © The National Archives
(*6)      Photograph Hospital Admission © The National Archives
(*7)      Photograph Treatment in Quarters © The National Archives
(*8)      Photograph cover of 'The Roll of the Great War' © Walsall Local History Centre
(*9)      Entry in 'The Roll of the Great War' © Walsall Local History Centre
(*10)    Photogragh Medal Card © The National Archives
(*11)    Photograph Victory Medal Receipt © The National Archives
(*12)    Photograph 1914-1915 star © Alan BETTS BFHG
(*13)    Photograph British War Medal © Alan BETTS BFHG
(*14)    Photograph Victory Medal © Alan BETTS BFHG


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