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Burntwood Family History Group
William Thomas MARRIOTT
Researched and written by Sheila CLARKE
(*1) William Thomas MARRIOTT
William Thomas MARRIOTT was the eldest child and only son of Richard MARRIOTT, a coal hewer, and Mary (Maria) who was the daughter of Thomas and Maria BAILEY. He was born in 1890 in Norton Canes, Brownhills. He was nine months old at the time of the
1891 census, and, with his parents was living with his maternal grandfather and grandmother in Church Road, Ogley Hay. Also there at that time the nephew and niece of Thomas BAILEY, William and Annie BAILEY who were born in Gloucestershire, as was Thomas BAILEY. The men of the family were all coal miners.
(*2) Extract 1891 Census
By the time of the 1901 census the family were living at 268 Hednesford Road. William’s sister Florrie (later KELLY), was 8 years old, and Bertha (later HEWETT) was 6 years of age.  Staying with them was widower Thomas; Maria’s father now aged 68, who still worked as a coal hewer. William attended Norton Canes Boys’ School.
(*3) Extract 1901 Census
According to family tradition Richard MARRIOTT had two houses built around 1896 in Hednesford Road, Norton. Bertha, his daughter, believed that she was around six weeks old when the family moved into their new home at number 268. The houses are still there today and are occupied by members of the family.
(*4) 268 Hednesford Road, Norton
Richard MARRIOTT had been born in Aldridge, and as well as working in the mines was believed to have dealt in horses, delivered milk and beer around the area and cared for the pit ponies. This affinity with horses was passed to his son William who, at the time of the 1911 census was running his own business as a carter from the family home in Hednesford Road. The family believe that because
he was such a natural with horses William could have stayed out of the Great War and trained the horses instead.
William entered the war as a private with the South Staffordshire Regiment. His regimental number was 1629. He was later in the 10th battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment, regimental number 40072. When or why, the transfer took place is not clear.
(*5) Extract 1911 Census
The 10th Battalion of the Worcestershire regiment sailed for France inJuly 1915. They saw action in France and Flanders throughout 1915 and 1916. The battalion in which William served was involved in the Battle of Messines Ridge in June 1917, and in the subsequent push for further advancement. For 10 days from July 11th until 21st the battalion lay at ‘Irish House’ south of Viestraat, resting and cleaning up having suffered 50 casualties.
On 22nd July the Battalion again moved forward. The line taken ran through Green wood. Two companies held posts in the wood. Further back two other companies were entrenched in Rose Wood and Godezune Farm. Heavy firing ensued. British artillery was bombarding the enemy trenches. In retaliation German guns were pounding the British positions. Great shells came smashing
down hour after hour, day and night, and there were many casualties. Relief was expected after the third day but because of the resistance the offensive was postponed and an extra three days without relief had to be endured. The shellfire became heavier and heavier but the battalion held on. During the night of 29th/30th July reinforcements arrived at last, and the battalion moved back to huts near Kemmel, having sustained fifty men dead or wounded from the shellfire alone. Among the dead was William Thomas MARRIOTT, who had been killed on 27th July 1917.
A comprehensive account of the part taken in the Great War, by The Worcestershire Regiment can be found on their website.
(6) Map of the battle area during July / August 1917
(*7) William's death details
William Thomas MARRIOTT is buried in a war grave at Voormezeele. Val BODEN a relative of William visited his grave with her family and took photographs of the location.
                                            (*8) The Voormezeele Enclosure No. 3                  (*9) William's headstone
Voormezeele Enclosure No. 3 is located in Belgium 4kms. South – west of Ieper town centre on Ruusschaartstraat, the N331. The graves were begun very early in the First World War and were gradually increased until the village was recaptured by the Germans after very heavy fighting on April 29th 1918. Voormezeele Enclosure No. 3 is the largest of the burial grounds here. After the Armistice some French graves were relocated to a French cemetery and other graves brought in from isolated sites and smaller cemeteries. There are now 1611 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War commemorated here. The cemetery was designed by Sir Edward LUTYENS. More historical information together with visitor and wheelchair access advice can be downloaded from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Web site.
The church of St. James in Norton Canes which has lovely stained glass windows, also contains a memorial plaque to local servicemen who fought and lost their lives during the First World War.
(*10) (*11) (*12) (*13) Stained glass windows in Saint James' Church
William Thomas MARRIOTT, commemorated on the plaque in Saint James' the Great Church and the Trinity Methodist Church, both in Norton Canes
Other census returns for the MARRIOTT and BAILEY family
Richard MARRIOTT was living with his mother and step- father 1881. The Stepfather Michael JONES was working as a shop
keeper as Richard’s father had done.
Richard died aged 85 in 1953
(*16) Extract from the 1881 Census
Richard MARRIOTT aged 4 years living with mother and father 1871. His father William is a shopkeeper in Watling Street
(*17) Extract from the 1871 census
Thomas and Maria BAILEY, with daughter Maria living in Clayhanger, Walsall Foreign in 1881
(*18) Extract from the 1881 census
The BAILEY family in 1871 shows Maria aged three months
(*19) Extract from the 1871 census
The BAILEY family are Living in Walsall Wood in 1861, and have lodgers
 (*20) Extract from the 1861 census
William Thomas MARRIOTT's medals were sent to the family after the War had ended
                   (*22) Victory Medal           (*21) William Thomas MARRIOTT's Medal Roll Card       (*23) British War Medal


Item, Source and Credit
(*1) Photograph W T MARRIOTT © Val BODEN
(*2) Extract from 1891 Census © (TNA)
(*3) Extract from 1901 Census © (TNA)
(*4) Photograph of 269 Hednesford Road © (Google)
(*5) Extract from 1911 Census © (TNA)
(6*) Map of the battle area buring July / August 1917 © (Worcester Regiment)
(*7) Death details of W T MARRIOTT © (Ancestry)
(*8) Photograph of Voormezeele Cemetery © Val BODEN
(*9) Photograph of W T MARRIOTT headstone © Val BODEN
(*10) Photograph window St James Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*11) Photograph window St James Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*12) Photograph window St James Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*13) Photograph window St James Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*14) Photograph memorial plaque St James Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*15) Photograph memorial plaque Trinity Methodist Church © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*16) Extract from 1881 Census © (TNA)
(*17) Extract from 1871 Census © (TNA)
(*18) Extract from 1881 Census © (TNA)
(*19) Extract from 1871 Census © (TNA)
(*20) Extract from 1861 Census © (TNA)
(*21) W T MARRIOTT Medal Card © (Ancestry)
(*22) Photograph Victory Medal © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
(*23) Photograph British War Medal © Alan BETTS (BFHG)
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